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ISSN : 2233-4165(Print)
ISSN : 2233-5382(Online)
Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business Vol.10 No.11 pp.57-69

A Study on the Relationship of Factors Related to Cabin Crews’ Safety Behavior: Integration of TPB & SCT

Gee-Yun KIM1, Sang-Beom PARK2
2 Lecturer, Faculty of Accounting and Finance, Nha Trang University, Vietnam; Ph.D. Candidate, Feng Chia University, Taiwan (R.O.C.). Email:

ⓒ Copyright: Korean Distribution Science Association (KODISA)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
1 First Author and Corresponding Author, Senior Lecturer, Dean, Faculty of Accounting and Finance, Nha Trang University, Vietnam. Email:
October 10, 2019 October 20, 2019 November 05, 2019


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate systematic and comprehensive explanation about safety behavior by applying integrated model of Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). By showing the interrelationship of effects of factors affecting safety behavior in a single model, comprehensive understanding regarding safety behavior will be possible. Research design, data, and methodology: This study try to integrate the two theory, TPB and SCT, to introduce background factors, such as safety culture, affecting cognitive factors of subjective norm, safety attitude, perceived behavioral control, safety consciousness, which are again affecting behavior intention of the TPB. We composed 73 questionnaire to analyse the relationship among factors affecting safety behavior. The questionnaire were distributed to stewards and stewardesses of KAL, ASIANA, and LCCs. 422 were collected and used for analysis. Factor analysis, regression analysis, and control effect analysis were conducted using SPSS windows version 2.0. Results: The safety culture, safety atmosphere, and safety education/training were turned out to affect subjective norm, safety attitude, perceived behavioral control, safety consciousness. And the cognitive factors also showed to affect safety intention significantly. The results that safety intention affects safety behavior was found. Also there are control effect of cost consciousness and punishment while safety intention affects safety behavior. Conclusions: Safety is the virtue that should be given first priority to in our daily life. To secure safety, everyone in an organization should have high level of safety intention and conduct safety behavior. The study results provide systematic and comprehensive understandings on the relationship among factors affecting cabin crews’ safety behavior. The results will help design safety related regulations, education/training, and support employees to engage in safety behavior related activities.

JEL Classification Code : A3, H51, H53, J31, Y2

객실승무원의 항공기 안전의도와 안전행동의 영향요인 분석: TPB와 SCT 통합모델

김지윤, 박상범






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