Journal Search Engine
Search Advanced Search Adode Reader(link)
Download PDF Export Citaion korean bibliography PMC previewer
ISSN : 2233-4165(Print)
ISSN : 2233-5382(Online)
Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business Vol.10 No.10 pp.7-13

A Study on Influence of Physical Preparation for Later Life on Social Relationship after Retirement: Focusing on Moderating Effect of Leisure Life

Jong-Jin KIM*
* First Author, Visiting Professor, Department of Social Welfare, Jungwon University, Korea. Tel: +82-43-830-8422. Email:

© Copyright: Korean Distribution Science Association (KODISA)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
September 11, 2019. September 09, 2019. October 05, 2019.


Purpose - This study is to verify the mediating effect of voluntariness in retirement and the moderating effects of leisure life to examine which parts of later life preparations have influence on the retired life.
Research design, data, and methodology - In this study, the 6th Korean Retirement and Income Study was conducted on 5,254 members of households with householders over the age of 50. To examine the relationship between later life preparation and retired life, this study used personal data based on the serial number of the household members.
Results - First, physical preparation for later life had a positive influence on retired life satisfaction among retirement satisfaction. People showed higher retired life satisfaction. Secondly, physical preparation for later life had a positive influence on satisfaction over relationship after retirement among retirement satisfaction. People showed higher satisfaction over relationship after retirement when they were more physically prepared for later life.
Conclusions – In particular, leisure life had a mediating effect for the influence of physical preparation for later life on the retired life. Also, leisure life and physical preparation for later life showed a close influencing relationship. People showed active leisure life and higher retired life satisfaction when they were more physically prepared for later life.

JEL Classifications: E21, J14, K32.






    1. Banks, J., & Oldfield, Z. (2007). Understanding Pensions: Cognitive Function. Numerical Ability and Retirement Saving, Fiscal Studies, 1, 143–70.
    2. Bianchini, L., & Borella, M. (2016). Retirement and Memory in Europe. Ageing and Society, 36(7), 1434–458.
    3. Bonsang, E., Adam, S., & Perelman, S. (2012). Does Retirement Affect Cognitive Functioning? Journal of Health Economics, 31(3), 490–01.
    4. Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122-147.
    5. Barry, D. T. (2001). Development of a new scale for measuring acculturation: The East Asian Acculturation Measure (EAAM). Journal of Immigrant Health, 3(4), 193-197.
    6. Celidoni, M., Dal Bianco, C., & Weber, G. (2017). Retirement and Cognitive Decline. A Longitudinal Analysis using SHARE Data. Journal of Health Economics, 56, 113–125.
    7. Coe, N. B., von Gaudecker, H. M., Lindeboom, M., & Maurer, J. (2012). The Effect of Retirement on Cognitive Functioning. Health Economics, 21(8), 913–27.
    8. Fillenbaum, G. G., Hughes, D. C., Heyman, A., George, L. K., & Blazer, D. G. (1988). Relationship of Health and Demographic Characteristics to Mini-Mental State Examination Score among Community Residents. Psychological Medicine, 18(03), 719–26.
    9. Giedd, J. N., Raznahan, A., Mills, K. L., & Lenroot, R. K. (2012). Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Male/female Differences in Human Adolescent Brain Anatomy. Biology of Sex Differences, 3(1), 19.
    10. Holmes, G. E., & Saleebey, D. S. (1993). Empowerment, the medical model, and the politics of clienthood. Journal of Progressive Human Services, 4(1), 61-79.
    11. Hovey, J. D., & Magana, C. G. (2002). Cognitive, affective, and physiological expressions of anxiety symptomatology among Mexican migrant farmworkers: Predictors and generational differences. Community Mental Health Journal, 38(3), 223-237.
    12. Kontis, V., Bennett, J. E., Mathers, C. D., Li, G., Foreman, K., & Ezzati, M. (2017). Future Life Expectancy in 35 Industrialised Countries: Projections with a Bayesian Model Ensemble. The Lancet, 389(10076), 1323–1335.
    13. Kim, B., & Choi, E. (2017). Effects of Retirement on Health and Life Satisfaction. Quarterly Journal of Labor Policy, 17(1), 85–107.
    14. Kim, S., & Lee, C. (2014). A Survey Report on Dementia Management Project. National Assembly Budget Office.
    15. Le Carret, N., Lafont, S., Letenneur, L., Dartigues, J. F., Mayo, W., & Fabrigoule, C. (2003). The Effect of Education on Cognitive Performances and its Implication for the Constitution of the Cognitive Reserve. Developmental Neuropsychology, 23(3), 317–337.
    16. Mazzonna, F., & Peracchi, F. (2012). Ageing, Cognitive Abilities and Retirement. European Economic Review, 56(4), 691–710.
    17. Mielke, M. M., Vemuri, P., & Rocca, W. A. (2014). Clinical Epidemiology of Alzheimer’s Disease: Assessing Sex and Gender Differences. Clinical Epidemiology, 6, 37–48.
    18. Newson, R. S., & Kemps, E. B. (2005). General Lifestyle Activities as a Predictor of Current Cognition and Cognitive Change in Older Adults: A Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Examination. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 60(3), 113–120.
    19. Nishimura, Y., & Oikawa, M. (2017). Mental Retirement: Evidence from Global Aging Data (MPRA Paper No. 76431).
    20. Parsons, R. J. (1991). Empowerment for our clients and for ourselves. Social Case Work, 64, 331-338.
    21. Roberts, J., Rice, N., & Jones, A. M. (2010). Early Retirement among Men in Britain and Germany: How Important is Health? The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance-Issues and Practice, 35(4), 644–667.
    22. Rohwedder, S., & Willis, R. J. (2010). Mental Retirement. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24(1), 119–138.
    23. Sandhu, D. S., & Asrabadi, B. R. (1994). Development of acculturative stress scale for international students: Preliminary findings. Psychological Reports, 75, 435-448.
    24. Seok, S. (2011). The Effect of Retirement on Health. Quarterly Journal of Labor Policy, 11(1), 81–102.
    25. Stern, Y. (2012). Cognitive Reserve in ageing and Alzheimer’ Disease. The Lancet Neurology, 11(11), 1006–1012.
    26. Sung, J., & Ahn, J. (2006). What Makes the Older Work for Satisfactory Lives? Quarterly Journal of Labor Policy, 6(1), 39–74.