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ISSN : 2233-4165(Print)
ISSN : 2233-5382(Online)
Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business Vol.10 No.5 pp.59-66

The Effects of Trust on Student Silence and Exit Intention

Hyun-Jin CHO**
* This study was supported by the research grant of Wonkwang University in 2019.
** First Author & Corresponding Author, Associate Professor, Division of Business Administration, Wonkwang University, Korea. Tel: +82-63-850-6244. E-mail:
April 07, 2019. April 25, 2019 May 05, 2019.


Purpose - Many studies show that dissatisfied customers are silent rather than expressing complaints directly to firms. Although silent voices are pervasive in service failure, they have received little attention from researchers. Silence implies a multidimensional nature, not just the opposite of voice. This study focuses on two types of silent students in higher education: acquiescent silence and defensive silence. This study also proposes cognitive trust and affective trust as variables affecting student silence. The objective of this study is to analyse the effects of trust types on student silence and exit intention.
Research design, data, and methodology - To test the proposed model, this study conducted a survey with undergraduate students who selected silence in a dissatisfied relationship with a professor. Respondents were asked to respond to the questionnaire, recalling the dissatisfaction at that time. A total of 300 students was surveyed from whom 275 completed questionnaires was obtained. The structural equation model analysis was used for the hypothesis test.
Results - First, cognitive trust was negatively related to acquiescent and defensive silence. Second, affective trust was negatively related to acquiescent and defensive silence. Third, cognitive trust was negatively exit intention, but affective trust didn’t significantly reduce exit intention. Forth, acquiescent silence was positively related to exit intention, but defensive silence didn’t have a significant positive impact on exit intention. Thus, a key result of this analysis was that acquiescent silence enhances exit intention.
Conclusions - The findings of the study provide a better understanding of the types of silence, and the role of trust, thus furthering the implication of student reactions to dissatisfaction. In particular, this study is meaningful in that it confirms the value of student silence in the context of complaint management. Acquiescent silence should be more importantly managed because it has stronger negative motive than defensive silence. Acquiescent silence is reduced through various channels(mail, telephone, counseling) that can express complaints. Cognitive trust and affective trust are a essential factors in reducing silence. Also, in explaining exit intention, cognitive trust plays a more important role than affective trust.

JEL Classifications: L8, M30, M31.

신뢰가 학생침묵과 이탈의도에 미치는 영향



    Wonkwang University




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