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ISSN : 2233-4165(Print)
ISSN : 2233-5382(Online)
Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business Vol.9 No.8 pp.17-26
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.13106/ijidb.2018.vol9.no8.17

Analysis of Priority Countries and Products for Indonesian Export Diversification in Latin America

Febria Ramana*,Lili Retnosari**
* First Author and Corresponding Author, Statistics of Kaur Regency, Jl. Peltu M.Ilyas T. Panji Alam Pd. Kempas Bintuhan, Kaur, Bengkulu, Indonesia; Tel: +6281274643595, E-mail: febriarmn@bps.go.id
** Co-Author, Statistics of Pulang Pisau Regency, Jl. Trans Kalimantan KM 98 Mantaren I, Pulang Pisau 74811, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. E-mail: lili.retnosari@bps.go.id
May 26, 2018. July 16, 2018. August 15, 2018.

Abstract

Purpose - Indonesian economy often receives negative impact from external factors, particularly through trade linkage. To mitigate that impact, the export market and product diversification should be established. Latin America is one of the potential regions to augment the Indonesian export market.
Research design, data, and methodology - This study attempts to classify the potential market and product for Indonesian export, particularly in Latin America, by using panel regression, trade complementarity, and export similarity index over the period 2000-2015. Regression was also used to examine whether the presence of the Indonesian Trade Promotion Center (ITPC) can support diversification.
Results - Based on regression results, those indexes established Chile, Uruguay, Suriname, and Ecuador as the priority countries with the products: animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes; chemicals and related products; miscellaneous manufactured articles; commodities and transactions.
Conclusions - The results of the regression concludes that the trade complementarity index gave a significant positive effect to boost Indonesian export, whereas, the export similarity index gave a significant negative effect. The regression also conclude that ITPC gave a significant positive impact on Indonesian export. For instance, the government should prioritize those countries and products and also develop ITPC there to optimize Indonesian export.

JEL Classifications: F10, F13, F14.

초록


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    Reference

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